Wildlife

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Eminska Mountain is very rich in biodiversity. Seventeen species of global significance, included in IUCN Red List, occur here. The seven mammalian species are Grey Hamster, Forest Dormouse, Fat Dormouse, Common Dormouse, Mouse-tailed Dormouse, Lesser Mole Rat, and European Souslik; Bird species: Greater Spotted Eagle and Pallid Harrier; Reptile species: Leopard Snake, European Pond Turtle, Hermann’s Tortoise, and Spur-Thighed Tortoise, Amphibian species: European Fire-bellied Toad. Insect species: Rosalia Longicorn beetle and Large Copper butterfly.

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Invertebrates

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Rosalia Longicorn (Rosalia alpina)

Rosalia Longicorn (Rosalia alpina), Thick-shelled River mussel (Unio crassus), Stag Beetle (Lucanus cervus), Long-horned Beetle (Morimus funereus), Narrow-mouthed Whorl Snail (Vertigo angustior), Desmoulin’s Whorl Snail (Vertigo moulinsiana), Large Copper (Lycaena dispar), Great Capricorn Beetle (Cerambyx cerdo), Hermit Beetle (Osmoderma eremita)

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Amphibians and reptiles

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Red Whip Snake (Platyceps collaris)

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Eminska Mountain is very rich in biodiversity. It is designated as an Important Herpetological Area, and is part of the Natura 2000 network, including two protected areas – Emine and Emona-Irakli. A very important component of the local biodiversity are both tortoise species – Spur-thighed (Testudo graeca) and Hermann’s tortoise (Testudo hermanni), heading the list of the most vulnerable flagship animals in the region. The region is a significant biocorridor for the distribution of thermophilic reptilian and amphibian species- European Ratsnake (Elaphe situla), Blotched Snake, (Elaphe sauromates), Hermann’s Tortoise (Testudo hermanni), and Spur-thigh Tortoise (Testudo graeca). More

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Birds

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European Bee Eater (Merops apiaster)


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The avian fauna of the region is also diverse and abounds with species of conservational significance, such as the Black Stork (Ciconia nigra), the Short-toed Snake Eagle (Circaetus gallicus), the Long-legged buzzard (Buteo rufinus), the Lesser Spotted Eagle (Aquila pomarina), the Booted Eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus), and the Osprey (Pandion haliaetus). Because of the National and European significance of the area as an Important Bird Area, the region has been declared a Protected Area, in accordance with the Birds Directive of the European Union. More

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Mammals

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European Otter (Lutra lutra)


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Among the Habitats Directive’s mammals is: European Otter (Lutra lutra), inhabiting the rock cliffs. Regionally common species include: Golden Jackal (Canis aureus), Wild Boar (Sus scrofa), Red Deer (Cervus elaphus), Fallow Deer (Dama dama), European Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus), Sheep (Ovis aries), acclimatized specie), Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes), European Hare (Lepus europeus), Beach Marten (Martes foina), Least Weasel (Mustela nivalis), Common Wild Cat (Felis silvestris), European Badger (Meles meles), East European Hedgehog (Erinaceus concolor), European Suslik (Spermophilus citellus), Marbled Polecat (Vormela peregusna), Schreibers’s Long-fingered Bat (Miniopterus schreibersii), Bechstein’s Bat (Myotis bechsteinii), and the Lesser Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros).

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